7 Elements of a sound financial plan

Dr. Deepti Dwivedi

Managing finances is a continuous journey that requires both planning and execution. Financial planning helps you identify your long-term goals, understand how much money you need to live comfortably and construct a plan to achieve that. Execution includes actually putting the plan into action by making decisions and taking steps to help you reach your goals. To help you get started on this journey, we’ve put together six elements of a sound financial plan.

Financial Goals

Without goals, you may not know where to begin or what your financial plan should look like. One needs to take action and set a timeline for making progress on your goals. Setting specific goals can also help manage certain aspects of your finances, including time management, planning for retirement income needs, managing monthly expenses etc. You need to set goals that are categorized into long-term and short-term goals.

A Budget

A budget helps you realize how much money is available to spend on certain things. A budget also serves as an actionable step towards achieving your financial goals. It allows you to track and plan your income, expenses and savings. A budget should be regularly reviewed to determine whether adjustments are required. Budgeting should include budgets for short-term goals and long-term goals.

Loan Management

If you have outstanding loans, it is good practice to plan how and when you are going to pay off that balance so that everyone understands the “who” and “how.” Without focusing on this step, unpaid bills can begin building up in arrears, resulting in penalties and an impact on future borrowings. Try to clear your loans off at the earliest to avoid accumulating them.

Emergency Funds

It is essential to have an emergency fund that can cover at least 3-6 months of living expenses in an unexpected financial setback. This money should be accessible without taking additional loans on or relying on sources such as savings or retirement funds. A financial assessment is essential in determining how much you need and making strategic decisions about where to allocate this money to avoid going bankrupt in unforeseen circumstances.

Diversified Investments

It is essential to have a diversified portfolio of investments because it helps reduce your risk of losing money. Diversification can include investing in stocks, bonds, mutual funds and real estate. Having a diverse mix of investments increases your chances that at least some portion of your portfolio will experience positive returns. Of course, it is always beneficial to seek professional advice to make an informed decision regarding investing in optimizing your money’s potential.

Planning for taxes

Tax planning can be a long and complicated project, although it should not deter you from taking the initiative to determine your tax situation. It is crucial to understand how much of your money will go up in taxes each year and what expenses are deductible on an annual basis. Doing your research will help you optimize your tax liability and potentially save money in the long run.

Retirement Planning

Setting aside money for retirement is one of the most important financial decisions you will ever make. Your retirement account should have contributions equal to or greater than your annual income. Depending on how much you save and invest, your money may grow over time, providing peace of mind in knowing that you will be able to live comfortably after years of hard work.

A good financial plan is essential if you want to achieve long-term success. By following the seven steps outlined in this blog, you will be on your way to creating a solid financial foundation that will help you reach your goals. Remember to set financial goals and develop a budget that considers your unique spending habits and current circumstances. Once you have a good grasp and understanding of your spending patterns and loans, investing your money the right way becomes a breeze. Finally, prepare for taxes and retirement planning in advance by consulting with a professional.